Al-Ahsa'a Tradition and Originality

     Al-Ahsa'a with its originality that runs back deep in the history.  It witnessed civilizations existed four thousand BC.  Many nations and ethnicities lived in it.  During the first millennium Al-Ahsa'a among fifteen cities in the world with the highest density of population and ranked #9.  with about 110,000 people ( Al-Majella Magazine, December 1999).  Historical resources differ in the area's name.  some call it Al-Ahsa'a, other call it Al-Hassa and both are from the same origin.  Historians agreed that both names come from the abundance of underground and springs water in the area.  It was also called Al-Bahrain.  This name was given to the place bordering the Arabian Gulf from Basra to the outskirts of Oman.  Then it was called Hajr because of its geographical location by the main route between Yemen and Iraq.
     The economic history of Al-Ahsa'a is associated with agriculture as in many areas that are rich in water (underground and springs) and the fertility of the soil.  Practicing a broad agricultural activities  included growing of different crops such as rice, corn, vegetables and some fruit.  In addition to high famous high quality dates such as: Al-Khulass, Al-Shishi, Al-Hilali, Al-Shahl and others.  Because of the existence of such agricultural wealth and its proximity to luxury pearl diving places and its location in the middle of a group o ancient civilization centers, it had a tangible role in strengthening the commercial and cultural relations among the residents of the Arabian Peninsula, Mesopotamia, India and Asia.  It was a link in the exchange of goods and experiences among these regions.  It also participated with a number of pioneering achievements.  In its plains the hybrid camel was domesticated in the 5th century of the second millennium BC.  In its coasts where the first endeavors of the ship building and storming the sea. 
     Al-Ahsa'a has a prominent role in propagation of cultural and literary movement in the Arabia Peninsula and the neighboring regions because of the presence of a number of poets and scholars such as: Tarfa Ibn Al-Abd and his uncle Al-Mutalammas, the two Mraggashiz, Al-Muthaqab Al-Abdi, Ziad Al-Aajam, Al-Saltan Al-Abdi and Ibn Al-Muqarab, Jaland Al-Hijri, Ayash Bin Sahar, Al-Akhfash and others.
   In the previous five sections, in particular, Al-Ahsa'a played a pivotal role in disseminating knowledge and education.  In its main towns, schools and charitable educational institutions spread.  The most prominent was Al-Qubba School which was established in 1019 AH and Abu Bakr Al-Mulla Family Institution.  Many scholars graduated from these schools and contributed actively and vigorously in the fields of authoring and teaching.  Those scholars also occupied religious positions in Al-Ahsa'a and the Gulf States.  Al-Ahsa'a continued to play this important role until the emergence of the formal education in the modern era.